How to Foster Resilience in Children

How to Foster Resilience in Children

Our Team Members | Prayatna Child Development Centre

Written By

Alicia A Sabu
MSc Psychology, Psychologist

Divya Krishna, Rehabilitation Psychologist & Behaviour Analyst, Applied Behaviour Analysis Technician Course Mediator and

Clinically Reviewed By

Divya Krishna
Rehabilitation Psychologist

Since kids experience stress often and their brains and personalities are still developing, it makes sense to equip them with resilience-promoting skills as early as possible to prevent bad effects.

Understanding resilience

Children who possess resilience can overcome setbacks and emerge stronger. It has to do with overcoming obstacles. But many times, individuals approach it incorrectly. They link resilience to outcomes, such as recovering or getting back to normal or just getting by during difficult times.

When children can start to move forward after learning from setbacks, they are resilient. No particular objective or “triumph” is required of them. They don’t have to be resolute or optimistic either.

Finding evidence of resilience can be challenging, especially if you’re concentrating on a single indicator like improved grades. Kids adopting new goals for themselves might be a sign of resilience or requesting assistance with a challenge.

Resilience is “the process of, capacity for, or outcome of successful adaptation despite challenging or threatening circumstances” (Masten, Best & Garmezy, 1990).

Resilience is not automatic, but is instead a learned behavior that becomes internalized and applied during stressful times (Greenberg, 2007), thus enabling resilient individuals to survive and rebound following extreme challenges.

Importance of resilience in children’s development

Resilience is a critical quality for children to acquire because it gives them the capacity to adapt, recover from hardship, and thrive in the face of difficulties. Resilience is crucial for children’s development for a number of reasons, including the following:

  • Emotional Well-Being

Resilient children are better equipped to manage their emotions and cope with stress. They can handle setbacks, disappointments, and negative experiences more effectively, leading to improved emotional well-being.

  • Problem-Solving Skills

Resilience fosters problem-solving and critical thinking skills. When children encounter obstacles, they learn to find creative solutions, which is essential for their cognitive development.

  • Confidence and Self-Esteem

Successfully overcoming challenges and adversity boosts a child’s confidence and self-esteem. They develop a sense of self-worth by realizing their ability to handle difficult situations.

  • Social Skills

Resilience aids in establishing fruitful connections. A child is more likely to make wholesome and encouraging friendships if they can adjust to social settings, handle disagreements, and resist peer pressure.

  • Independence

Children that are resilient often exhibit greater self-reliance. They acquire the initiative and independence needed for personal growth to manage their activities and responsibilities.

  • Academic Success

A stronger sense of resilience is associated with better academic results. The development of a growth mindset in kids who can overcome academic obstacles can result in improved learning results.

  • Adaptability

In a world that is changing quickly, being able to adapt is a crucial skill. Children who are resilient are better able to adjust to novel circumstances, technologies, and environments, which will be useful to them in the future.

  • Healthier Coping mechanisms

Children who are more resilient are less likely to use unhealthy coping strategies to deal with stress or difficulties, such as substance abuse or risky behavior. They learn more effective techniques for controlling their emotions.

  • Empathy and compassion

Children who are resilient frequently grow in these areas as a result of their own experiences overcoming adversity. They are able to develop better relationships and grow in social responsibility as a result.

  • Long-Term Well-Being

An individual’s long-term wellbeing may be impacted by their resilience as a child. It helps to foster a positive outlook on life, which is linked to better physical and mental health as one ages.

Suggested Reading

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How to Build Resilience in Children?

Children’s development and wellbeing depend heavily on the development of their resilience. To encourage children’s resilience, parents, guardians, and educators can employ the following techniques:


It’s critical to remember that resilience can be built upon and strengthened over time; it is not a fixed trait. In order to help children overcome challenging situations and develop resilience, interventions and support systems can be put in place.Children can develop resilience and thrive in the face of adversity by combining a number of protective factors, such as coping mechanisms and supportive relationships. Always remember that developing resilience is a continuous process that calls for tolerance and reliability. Because every child is different, what works for one child might not work for another.

Consider the child’s age, temperament, and unique needs when developing the strategy. One can support children in building the resilience they need to thrive in the face of life’s challenges by creating a supportive and empowering environment for them. It’s essential for parents, caregivers, and educators to cultivate an atmosphere that encourages children to be resilient. This can be done by assisting them, giving them chances for development and learning, and assisting them in coming up with coping mechanisms. Children’s resilience can be fostered by fostering a growth mindset, teaching problem-solving techniques, and fostering emotional intelligence.

Suggested Reading: Kids Using Gadgets while Eating – Why and How to Stop it?

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