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What is Clinical Psychology
Clinical Psychology is a speciality that deals with mental and behavioural health care of individuals and families. Clinical psychologists work towards promoting emotional well-being of an individual by reducing or preventing psychological distress or dysfunction. At Prayatna, we have a team of qualified, dedicated and compassionate clinical psychologists who function on a non-judgemental stance with empathy and ethics
Who will Benefit from a Clinical Psychology session?
Our clinical psychologists work with all age groups – children, teenagers, youth, adults and elderly; and provide individual and family therapies.
Anxiety, trauma, mood disorders, stress, abuse, family and social maladjustments are some of the issues that are most common in today’s world that impede regular life and happiness of an individual driving him/her to seek help. Whereas in the case of children, usually it is parents, family members, teachers and other professionals who approach the clinical psychologist when they are concerned about a child’s mood, behaviour, anxiety, difficulties in learning or maintaining social relationships.
Be it adult, teen or child, our clinical psychologists work with the objective of identifying the problem, understanding the cause and contributing factors, and devise appropriate interventions to improve the individual’s mental health. They work closely with the caregivers wherever required and empower the patient to move ahead in life with confidence.
Conditions treated by a Clinical Psychologist
Mental health problems attended at Prayatna include, but not limited to the following:
- Behavioural disorders
- Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
- Common paediatric problems like sleep, toileting, fussy eating and behaviour
- Enuresis (bed wetting)
- Learning difficulties like dyslexia and abilities like ‘giftedness’
- Mood disorders
- Stress, anxiety and depression
- Family and social maladjustments
- Cognitive and developmental disorders
- Posttraumatic stress disorder
- Memory issues
- Anger management
- Problems faced by children and adolescents including peer pressure and gaming addictions
- Assertive training
- Career guidance
Assessment & Treatment
Assessment process involves several stages and the methods may vary depending on the age of client, problem under focus and other factors. In adults, psychological assessment involves planned use of interviews to gather background information and specific psychometric tests. Assessment process may be completed in 1-2 sessions or may take more depending on the client and the problem assessed. These help to shed light on the relevant issues and where and how therapy needs to be focused. Our team of trained and skilled clinical psychologists customize the treatment process to help individual deal with the issue may it be depression, anxiety, stress, relationship issues, addiction or behavioural problems.
Clinical psychologists dealing with children assess their basic psychological needs and how family and social framework influences their cognitive development, socio-emotional adjustment, behavioural adaptation and health status. Initial sessions (normally around 2-3) with the child/ parents/ family members include interviews and recording history to help understand the issue at hand in the best possible manner. It is important to develop a rapport with child and it may take few sessions depending upon the child.
Psychologist may administer psychological tests to come to a conclusion to arrive at the exact nature of problem. These tests may be written, visual or verbal evaluations to assess the cognitive and emotional functioning of the individual.
Upon assessment, our psychologist provides feedback on the understanding of the problem and possible treatment options. A treatment plan is devised along with the individual and his/her parents(in case of children and adolescents) or other family members and they all work together through the problem collaboratively. This may span across multiple sessions depending on the nature of the problem. For example, the more grave problems may logically take more sessions to resolve.
Sessions are normally scheduled once a week and lasts for 30-60 minutes. To make the treatment effective, the individual is instructed to follow any given advice/task. Patients/caregivers/parents are encouraged to discuss with the psychologist any concern regarding the problem or treatment to ensure positive outcome.
Psychological interventions and strategies
Our clinical psychologists utilize wide range of skills and procedures including counselling to cater to the needs of psychological and social issues in children and adults.
Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA)
Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) is a therapeutic approach that helps improve social, communication and learning skills in an individual through positive reinforcement. Wherever behaviour change is desired, ABA is considered as one of the most effective scientific approach.
Our ABA therapists work closely with parents and caregivers to ensure the child/adult learns and practices the skills/behaviour at home and all other places. This helps to bring about a meaningful change in their behaviour.
To know more about ABA program, click here.
Stress Management – Mindfulness & Relaxation Techniques
Stress is inevitable in our daily life no matter what our age is. If not attended in time, chronic stress may lead to anxiety, depression, difficulty to focus and concentrate or may get physical manifestations like skin diseases, high blood pressure, heart problems or weak immune system.
Mindfulness helps us to become aware of our thinking, to pay attention to the present moment and do it all intentionally without judgements. Mindfulness activities include
- Mindful awareness of breath, body, feelings, emotions and thoughts without being judgemental
- Mindful eating
- Mindful walking
- Mindful listening
Mindfulness helps all – from children to adults. It helps reduce stress, improve focus, paves way for enhanced emotion and thought regulation, physical well being, empathy and respect.
At Prayatna, we help our clients identify their patterns of thoughts, emotions and behaviours to have a better understanding of themselves and we facilitate change to have better and healthier ways to deal with distressful situations.
Relaxation techniques are methods used to deal with everyday stress and anxiety. They reduce tension in the mind and body and help keep at bay heart disease and mental disturbances that arise out of stress and tension.
Our clinical psychologists will teach you different relaxation techniques like progressive muscle relaxation, visualization and autogenic relaxation. Depending on the age and abilities of the person concerned, our clinical psychologists will guide you through the steps. Just as yoga, relaxation needs practice – the more you practice, the more you gain.
Other Psychological Interventions
Our clinical psychologists utilize wide range of skills and procedures including counselling to cater to the needs of psychological and social issues of children and adults.
Psychotherapy is a form of psychiatric treatment that involves therapeutic conversations and interactions between therapist and the individual. This aims at improving individual’s well-being and mental health by resolving emotional, behavioural, social and cognitive problems.
In case of children, psychologist interacts with the child and the family. It can help children and families understand and resolve problems, modify behaviour, and make positive changes in their lives.
There are several types of psychotherapy that involve different approaches, techniques and interventions. Our clinical psychologist may use a combination of different psychotherapy approaches to help the client.
In some cases a combination of medication with psychotherapy may be more effective.
Counselling is a ‘talking therapy’ that helps people with physical, emotional and mental health problems, ease their feelings of distress and come out of the crisis situations with improved sense of well-being.
Our clinical psychologists help people of all ages – from children with behavioural and learning issues – teenagers with educational and career concerns, peer pressure, low self-esteem, suicidal thoughts and substance abuse problems – to adults with disabilities, trauma or illness.
During counselling sessions, our therapist encourages the patient to express his/her concerns and issues in order to unfold the root cause. Talking helps to open up and unburden all the troubling thoughts within. This helps in revealing individual’s specific ways of thinking and varying thought patterns. It sheds light on varied aspects and helps in understanding the problem better for the individual himself. Our clinical psychologist gradually guides the individual to look at the problem from different perspectives and teaches different techniques to cope with the situation, helping him create a plan of action to resolve the issue.
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT)
In CBT, clinical psychologist examines confused or distorted patterns of thinking in the client to help improve his moods, anxiety and behaviour.
During CBT, the client learns to identify harmful thought patterns. Therapist helps the client replace negative thoughts with thoughts that result in more appropriate feelings and behaviours. CBT can be effective in treating a variety of conditions, including depression and anxiety.
Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT)
DBT is used to treat adolescents and adults who have chronic suicidal thoughts or engage in intentionally self-harmful behaviours or suffer from Borderline Personality Disorder.
At Prayatna, clinical psychologist aims at making the individual take responsibility for his/her problems and guides in understanding how to deal with conflict and intense negative emotion. This often involves a combination of group and individual sessions.
Our family therapy program focuses on improving the functioning of a family in more positive and constructive ways by exploring patterns of communication and providing support and education. Family therapy sessions can include the client along with parents, caregivers, siblings, and grandparents.
Clinical Psychologists use the power of group dynamics and peer interactions to increase understanding of mental illness and/or improve social skills. There are many different types of group therapy (e.g. psychodynamic, social skills, substance abuse, multi-family, parent support, etc.)
Interpersonal Therapy (IPT)
This is a brief treatment specifically developed and tested for depression, but also used to treat a variety of other clinical conditions. Our therapists focus on how interpersonal events affect an individual’s emotional state. They frame individual difficulties in interpersonal terms and help address problematic relationships.
Supportive Psychotherapy and Parenting advice and Training
Parent-child interaction therapy (PCIT) is a behaviour-based, family-oriented therapy intended to help improve the parent-child relationship through play and interaction.
Our therapist uses ‘in vivo’ training method and provides ‘coaching’ sessions to parents and guides them on skills to manage the child. This approach is helpful for children who have conduct issues and behavioural concerns viz. aggression, defiance, non-compliance, short temper etc.
The aim of this therapy is to change the negative behaviours into more positive and beneficial patterns. It helps improve child-parent relationships. Parents gain by learning new skills that help them become better parent and provide caring, nurturing and positive environment for their child.
To ensure that our clients receive the best, our team has been constantly striving to give their best abiding by professional work ethics. We provide safe and confidential environment and positive feedbacks from our clients has always made us more confident driving us to give more and do better. Contact us for an appointment or to know more about our clinical psychology services.