What is Occupational Therapy?
- Occupational therapy focuses on improving cognitive, physical and motor skills in children to help them be independent.
- OT can be very beneficial for children struggling with everyday fine motor and gross motor tasks like using toothbrush, catching a ball and organizing a backpack.
- Also helps children struggling with self-regulation and sensory integration issues.
- Rehabilitation is provided using therapeutic treatments and personal meaningful activities to maintain/develop skills needed for independent living.
- Occupational Therapists (OT) help people of all ages to participate in things they want and need to do through the therapeutic use of everyday activities.
Occupational therapy for Children
Before recommending occupational therapy for children, we take into account:
- Stamina and attention span.
- Skills demonstrated during playing.
- Personal space demanded .
- Alacrity with which new activities are embraced.
- Specific response to tactile and other stimuli.
- Status of motor skills like manoeuvring of tiny objects, posture maintenance, balancing etc.
- Aggressiveness and other behavioural traits.
Interaction with others.
Who is an Occupational Therapist? Role of an Occupational Therapist
- A graduate trained in occupational therapy.
- A person who is licensed and is certified to practice occupational therapy.
- Occupational therapist are also a part of the medical team in a hospital or in a rehabilitation center and closely work with Doctors, Physical therapists, Psychologists and other Healthcare professionals.
- Some Occupational Therapists go through more training so they can help working with children or older adults.
- Occupational Therapists work in Hospitals, Rehab Centers, Outpatient clinics, Schools, Private Practice Offices,Prisons, CorporateOffices.
- Does assessments according to specific diagnosis, age and type of condition
- An occupation therapist will help you come with a therapy planand set goals designed for your needs, disability or limits.
- An occupation therapist will help bring changes/modifications in the context that limits your functional performance.
- Prescribe and train you to use assistive devices.
- Teach you new ways to button a shirt, tie your shoes, etc.
- Address behavior problems in children.
- Build hand-eye coordination so you can put beads through a thread and work on motor skills so you can grasp a pencil to write.
Who can benefit from Occupational Therapy (OT) ?
Children and adults with the following conditions can benefit from OT
- Autism Spectrum Disorder
- Downs Syndrome
- Cerebral Palsy
- Global Development Delay
- Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder
- Multiple Sclerosis
- Cerebrovascular Accident
- Spinal cord Injury
- Parkinson’s Disease
- Rheumatoid Arthritis
- Visual impairments
How OT and Speech therapy are connected?
- Treatment given in occupational therapy for improvement in various aspects is equally required for language development.
- Occupational therapist work on postural stability or jaw stability that is important for speech production.
- An occupation therapist also works on sensory integrationthat is critical for oral-motor skills and feeding.
- Writing isas wellanother important goal focusedby occupational therapist, which in speech therapy is required for written language.
- Occupational therapy and speech therapy come hand in hand when treatment has to be planned and provided to children with sensory processing issues and learning disabilities.
Difference Between Occupational Therapy & Physiotherapy
- OT focuses on improving the ability of the patient to perform activities of daily living independently while PT helps in improving the clients ability to do a movement of their body.
- OT treats a person as a whole while PT provides treatment for only the actual impairment.
- OT will help you perform the role that you cannot perform any more because of your condition but PT will help improve you joint alignment, joint stability, prevent from getting further injuries, lessening pain and avoid surgery.
Sensory Integration Therapy
- Developed by A. Jean Ayres an occupational therapist.
- Focuses on improving a child’s sensory processing way to perceive various senses in the appropriate manner.
- Helps to improve the child to focus during an activity.
- It also involves prescribing children with sensory diet to get well with their challenges.
- Various activitiesthat motivate the child to play are used to improve their sensory processing.
- Activities in sensory integration therapyinvolve swinging on all sorts of cool swing, playing in a ball pit, bouncing and rolling on a large ball, riding a scooter board, running through obstacle courses, sitting in a bin of dry rice or other textures to even using head phones to avoid large headphones.
- Intervention planning
- Review of Outcome
Occupational therapy for Autism
Occupational therapy for children helps cure the interaction and communication related disorders. For someone who may be wondering what is autism, autism spectrum disorder inhibits the skills, interests and activities of children and limits their innate capability to bond with others. Once the signs of autism become apparent, occupational therapy helps greatly in developing the needful skills.
We offer proven treatment of autism by factoring in the person’s social, emotional and physiological responses to daily environmental stimuli. The patient’s compatibility with environmental factors on day to day basis are analysed critically with the assistance of professionals, parents and teachers to bring about visible changes. We tackle the challenge of autism for children by evaluating essential symptoms of autism.
We develop personalized treatment plan to cater to the unique needs of autistic people. Occupational therapy activities for children and adults have been strategically designed and include:
- Innovative physical activities devised to promote awareness of body and improve coordination
- Interactive and communication fostering play modules
- Posture development and balance improvement exercises like hair combing, teeth brushing, toilet training etc.
- Activities intended to help patients adapt to transitions in better way
- Subtle motor skills development to facilitate balancing while carrying out activities like cutting etc.