What is Clinical Psychology?
Clinical psychology is a combination of science, theory, and clinical knowledge , is the branch of psychology concerned with the assessment ,understanding, preventing, relieving and treatment of mental problems, behavior issues, and psychiatric problems. Psychological assessment, Clinical formulation, and Psychotherapy are the pillars of clinical psychology.
Who is a Clinical Psychologist? Role of a Psychologist
Psychologists can identify and diagnose emotional, mental and behavioral problems of an individual through observation, interviews and psychological assessments. Individuals with different psychological issues and concerns are treated by clinical psychologists , a clinical psychologist also work with groups to solve a common issue . After the assessment, they develop goals and treatment plan which will be informed to caretaker. The therapy helps the client to improve their personal, social, educational and vocational development.
What is Psychotherapy?
Psychotherapy is the treatment using psychological methods which aims to improve an individual’s well-being and mental health by resolving emotional, behavioral, social and cognitive problems. Psychotherapy is provided in many forms as group therapy, family therapy, couple therapy and individual therapy. There are different types of psychotherapy which include cognitive-behavior therapy, dialectical behavior therapy, interpersonal therapy, exposure and response prevention, motivational enhancement therapy, behavior therapy, mindfulness, and acceptance and commitment therapy to name a few.
What is Behavior Therapy? Who can benefit ?
Behavior therapy is a kind of psychotherapy which involves changing the behavior of patients to reduce dysfunction, to improve quality of life and learning new adaptive behaviours. Behavior therapy can benefit people with a wide range of disorders. This type of therapy can benefit adults and children. Usually therapists provide behavior therapy to treat:
- Intellectual disability
- Anger issues
- Post-traumatic stress disorder
- Bipolar disorder
- Substance abuse
- Personality disorders.
Difference Between Psychological Assessment and Behavioral Assessment
A psychological test is a standardized procedure to measure quantitatively or qualitatively one or more than one aspect of trait by means of a sample of verbal and non-verbal behaviour. A psychological assessment is the attempt of a skilled professional, usually a psychologist, to use the techniques and tools of psychology to learn either general or specific facts about another individual, either to inform others of how they function now, or to predict their behavior and functioning in the future. The point of assessment is often diagnosis, management plan, placement in job or selection of personnel in military etc. Psychological assessment is a broad area which includes intelligence, personality, projective tests, and neuropsychological assessment.
Behavior assessments are used to assess and find the cause of the certain behavior which is not appropriate to its environment. It uses many techniques and strategies to identify the motivation behind the behavior than the symptoms. It involves observation and analysis of the client’s behavior in various environments. It also involves interviews with people who are in direct contact with the client.
Assessment process involves several methods which can vary depending up on the age of the client.
In case of children
Assessment procedure starts with case history and interview which move on to screening procedures. It can be done with the help of parents. Once the screening is done, the therapist will decide whether further assessment is needed or not. If it is needed, we proceed with IQ assessment, social maturity scale, learning disability tests, memory test, aptitude test and behavioral assessment to name a few. It is important to develop a rapport with child and it may take few sessions depending upon the child. The therapist can develop few goals after the assessment. The goals will change depending upon the progress of the child. The therapist can do reassessment to measure the progress, if any.
In case of adults
Assessment starts with case history and interview from caregivers. Then it move on to mental status examination. Once it is done, the therapist will decide the further. The further assessment can include personality assessments, projective tests, attitude tests, interests test, neuropsychological tests, and cognitive tests.