Prayatna is a Child Development Centre mainly focussing on Early Intervention, for children with Developmental delay or Developmental disorder.
Child development is a process each child goes through. It involves learning skills like sitting, walking, speaking etc. These skills are often referred as developmental milestones. Children learn these skills within certain expected time frames.
Developmental milestones are certain skills, the child acquires at certain age level. Learning to walk at the age level of 9- 15months is one such developmental milestone. Hereditary factors and surroundings influence each child’s development.
Child Development Centre Kochi – Developmental milestones Overview
Involves children’s physical health, maturation and the presence or absence of a physical disability, and it provides the basis for progressive development in all other areas.
Physical outcomes targeted by early intervention activities include improving birth outcomes, reducing the incidence of communicable diseases and decreasing childhood obesity.
Includes children’s acquirement of speech and language skills, their ability to read and write, their numeracy capabilities and their understanding of logical problem-solving. Positive cognitive development is intensely associated with a child’s success in school and entry into the workforce.
Cognitive outcomes typically targeted by early intervention include performance on standardised tests, school achievement, and higher education and employment opportunities once they leave school.
Involves children’s ability to monitor and regulate their own behaviour, attention and impulses. Children’s self-regulatory skills are highly associated with their ability to form positive relationships with others, as well as their success in school.
Behavioural self-regulation difficulties during childhood are highly predictive of children’s involvement in criminal activity during the teenage years and adulthood.
Behavioural outcomes frequently targeted by early intervention include reducing antisocial behaviour and crime, violence and aggression at school, and affiliation with antisocial peers.
Social and emotional development
Involves children’s awareness of their own emotional needs and the emotional needs of others. Social and emotional development also surrounds the development of children’s self-esteem and their ability to manage negative feelings.
Social and emotional development is strongly associated with a child’s ability to form positive relationships with others and a reduced risk of depression and other mental health outcomes.
Early intervention outcomes associated with children’s social and emotional development include increasing pro-social behaviour, improving self-esteem and reducing the incidence of clinically diagnosed mental health problems.
Speech and Language Development
This is the child’s ability to understand and use language for communication. Speech and language development is related to the environment in which a child is developing. It plays a key role in his ability to make a good peer relation, to actively participate in social situations and holds supreme relation with confidence and self-respect.
Outcomes targeted by early intervention speech and language activities include building an adaptable tailor made and effective mode of communication fundamental to human development.