Autism Spectrum Disorders are developmental and neurological disorders. These occur in early childhood and exist throughout the life span of an individual. Autism Spectrum Disorders affects the behavioural patterns of an Individual. How he or she interacts with others, how one learns, how one socialises etc. Autism includes a spectrum of disorders because the symptoms varies in each person.
Clinical psychology Occupational therapy, Speech Therapy, Special education, and can help a person with autism lead an independent life.
An Occupational Therapist learns about human growth and development, how to interacts with the environment through daily activities etc. They are experts in the social, emotional, and physiological effects of illness and injury. This expertise helps them promote skills for independent living in people with autism and other developmental disorders.
A Speech Language Pathologist is the one who is specialized in treating speech disorders and language difficulties. They are integral in autism treatment. Speech therapist helps with diagnosis in autism and refers to other therapists as well. If a person is diagnosed with autism, speech therapists initiates ways to improve communication and enhance a person’s quality of life. Throughout therapy, the speech-language pathologist also works closely with their peers and other professionals as well. If the patient is nonverbal or has major trouble with speech, the speech therapist may introduce alternatives to speech such as picture exchange communication system (PECS).
When psychologists diagnose Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) or meet with a patient with ASD for the first time, they typically perform a comprehensive evaluation. That evaluation acts as a roadmap that identifies the patient’s strengths and areas of need to help guide treatment.
Each person with ASD is different and has a range of strengths and challenges. Psychologists can make recommendations based on an individual’s cognitive, behavioral, emotional and academic needs. Those treatment plans can help ABA therapists, educators and others capitalize on the individual’s strengths and accommodate any challenges.
ASD is a condition that lasts a lifetime. As patients grow, psychologists create new treatment plans to help patients and their families succeed at key transition points such as starting school, entering adolescence or moving into adulthood.
Psychologists helps people with ASD at different levels to manage anxiety or mood disorders such as depression. Psychologist helps individuals with autism change negative thoughts and behaviours, manage sleeping and feeding problems that often coincide with ASD, improve conversational skills, nonverbal communication and play, improve life skills necessary for employment. For people with more severe cognitive impairments, Psychologist provide interventions to decrease aggression and self-injury and improve compliance. The goal of psychotherapy may not be to cure ASD, but to help people with ASD function at their best and cope with challenges.
Special education teachers who are specialized in autism help students with autism adapt and learn.