Center for child development


Tips that parents of children with ADHD must know

For parents of children with ADHD—Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, it is natural that most of the everyday affairs with the children become a battle in its own right. This happens more so with parents who are new to dealing with children with ADHD.

In order to make their lives and that of the children better, the following can help

Rewards, not punishments

One of the major aspects to understand about children with ADHD is that they respond better when rewarded than when punished. Since behavioral growth is an important element, using rewards can bring in much desired changes in children than otherwise. Hence, parents must use rewards more often than punishments.

Work with your child

Another aspect that parents must understand about the child with ADHD is that, they must be nurtured constantly to grow as a better individual. As the child may have certain limitations when it comes to behaving, learning and speaking along with several other limitations, you need to work with your child as a team. This can not only induce better growth but also instill the child with confidence, as well.

Focusing on the child’s strength

It is only natural that your child might have a few strengths even when he/she has ADHD. In order to help the child walk on the right path, you need to focus on the child’s strengths. Emphasizing on the weaknesses of the child might send wrong signals to the child. On the other hand, when focusing on the things that the child ‘can do’, it naturally strengthens the self-esteem of the child, which is very important for a child with ADHD.

Induce motor-skills development games

One of the important aspects that can drive growth of a child with ADHD is the development of their motor skills. If you can make use of games that elicit the development of motor skills of the child, it can do wonder in helping the child develop better.

These are only the basic aspects that a parent must pay attention to and use to bring about the behavioral changes they want in their child.

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How to Find the Best Child Care for Special-Needs Children

Every parent wants to send their children to the best child care there is. When it comes to searching for a child care for your child having special needs, it is an entire different beast that you have to encounter. It is important that you find a child care provider who understands what it is to have children with special needs, how to care for them, what type of activities are to be adopted for them and the like. Above all, the provider must be willing to listen to you and work with you to help in the growth of your child.

In your efforts to find the best child care provider for your child with special needs, understanding the following factors can help you in making the best decision.

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Select a Special-Needs Day Care

In order to make the best choice, consider if you need a regular child care or a special child care for your child with special needs. Consider all your requirements as well as your child’s while selecting a day care. Since day care is the place where your child is going to spend most of her/his time, selecting one that can meet most of your requirements, as well as your child’s, is very crucial. The growth process of your child is going to be molded and driven by the environment at the day care and the staffs there.

Get help from trusted sources

In order to provide the help needed by parents having kids with special needs, there are a myriad of trusted NGOs and organizations that one can find. Most of the times, there will be such sources that you can find associated with the centers where you go for your child’s therapy.

It is advised that you get the help from such trusted and established sources as there may be other dangers associated with sending your child to a place where there is no approval or adequately trained staff or support systems.

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Check for the facilities of the day care

One of the most important and foremost things to consider while selecting a child care for special-needs children is to evaluate the facilities provided by the child care. Care must be given to understand the systems of operation, hygiene and availability of enough space for the child to conduct. Since physical activities can also be a part of many therapies, check if there is enough space for the children to move around and play.

Qualified staff

Another important aspect that parents must take care, while trying to select a child care for special-needs children, is to check if there is adequate staff that can help your child the best way possible. Ensure that the staffs have all the required qualification and approval from the concerned governmental departments to operate in whatever capacity they operate at the facility.

It is also important to understand if there is any nursing staff at the child care to provide the necessary treatment and care if any such situations arise.

The support offered by the child care to you

Most of the times, the child with special needs must continue the therapy even after returning from the therapy centre. As the child spends most of his/her time in the child care, it is important that the teachers at the centre must also be willing to help you. They must be willing to understand the conditions of your child, understand the therapies that your child is undergoing and help the child go through the same during his/her time at the child care.

Though most of the child cares provide such facilities and are willing to work closely with the parents to help the child develop naturally, it is always imperative that the parents ensure and confirm about the same.

One of the best things to consider, apart from the above mentioned aspects, is to ask important questions yourself about various facilities offered by the child care. If analyzing the child care facility is able to help you answer most of these questions in a more positive light, then you can consider the child care for your child. However, it is always advised that you consider multiple child care facilities to select the best among them.

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A case study of a student with learning disabilities

The student and the concerns

Anuja came to us after being referred to us by her learning consultant. She had already attended three schools before but had issues with reading and writing. She was blessed with great memory but her limited writing and reading abilities restricted from using the same to the extent possible.

As it was observed with children having learning disabilities, her problems lay not just with academics but also in social and behavioral patterns as well.

The observations

Our prime objective was to instill a sense of trust and friendship with us, at the beginning of our approach, before we began to start intervene at the academic issues of the child.

Our teachers, through effective methods and perseverant efforts, established ways to reach out to her and ward of the fear that was in her. The fear, we found, was because of the constant moving of her from one school to another that had different people, atmosphere and teachers.

Our interventions and approach

We started by giving her smaller assignments that were designed to meet attainable short-term goals. We concluded that it is through her strength that we can reach to her to help her address the issues with reading and writing.

We devised methods to assess her development by using her string memory such as;

Oral testing

Dramatic role- playing

Project-based assessments

Debates

We tried to focus on her strengths to instill high levels of self-esteem and confidence so that we can drive her confidently to venture into the weak areas such as reading and writing.

We put her in smaller groups that were given several reading and writing tasks and care was given to ensure that Anuja was not overwhelmed with the assignments given.

The result

Anuja was able to improve her writing and reading skills effectively and create great bonds with the teacher and her peers. She started to become more active socially and improved her behavioral patterns, as well.

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Ways to advocate for your special needs child

Raising a child with special needs is easily said than done, and it is a great responsibility that has to be done carefully. However, it is also important that you need to stay up and advocate for your child when you think it is necessary. Since children with special needs can attract a lot of eyes even now, people refuse to accept the condition as normal, and can pass comments that are unnecessary and hurting.

In order to advocate for your child and stand up for him/her, there are certain things you need to learn and understand.

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Get Organized:

One of the most important things that you must do is to become extremely organized with your child’s support. The first step in this is to create an organized medical file for your child with special needs. Keep each and every paper both in the digital and paper forms that can be accessed immediately. Make sure that you have all the papers even from the beginning of the treatment. Keep the latest documents in such a way that they are easily accessible.

At the end of every month, take the papers to an office supply centre and have everything photocopied and organized. Also, commit an hour every month to review the papers and ensure that the papers are all in order.

Educate yourself about your child’s condition:

Being a parent who has a special need child can be really challenging and it is your responsibility to protect and stand up for your child from all the negativity and hurtful comments—even though, unintended, most of the times. So the best thing is to educate yourself about everything there is to learn. You can go to support groups and community support centers if you need to learn more about it.

Even though doctors and therapists can give you a lot of details, understanding from the experiences of others can make a lot of difference to you and your awesome child. You must be willing to learn everything you can, ask questions until you understand things.

Be on a mission to educate others:

As you would have already known by now, people are going to make comments on your child; and, pretty stupid comments at that, at times. While you might feel good at retorting back to one as anyone else would, it is important that you take the time to understand the same and reply patiently and appropriately. Though this may feel awkward in the beginning, you will soon start to realize that responding with information can not only make you feel better but making the person who made the comment understand about the condition, as well.

Some people make comments without knowing anything about it and sometimes, without even realizing that they are hurting your feelings. One has to understand that it is often ignorance that leads to fear but it is knowledge that breeds acceptance.

Learn to be persistent:

There can be issues that come along; your insurance company may not provide for your child’s therapy? The school cannot support your child with an aide?

Do not be frustrated or aggravated. There will be a lot of situations where you need to encounter a no, keep your calm and restate your need with a smiling face.And, who knows it might work at the second, third, fourth or the 47th time. .

Take care of yourself:

One of the worst things that parents can do, while taking great care of the child, is to forget taking care of themselves. As understood, parenting is definitely a hard work and parenting a child with special needs is even more so. It can always be exhausting and take a toll on your body. As a result, it is important that you take good care of yourself.

In all the hard work that you do while taking care of your child, if you do not take care of yourself, chances are you will burn out sooner, rather than later. Only when you stay healthy and on your senses, can you help the child with his/her needs.

If you would like to share your experiences with others like you and help them better care for their children, there are support groups and community supports that can give you the platform.

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Ideas to make reading stories to your children with special need more interesting

When parents read books aloud with children, it not only helps the children have more vocabulary and get prepared for kindergarten; it also helps them understand a wide range of morals, values and the perks of being good. However, when it comes to reading together with the children with special needs, it is not as simple as it sounds; the type of the story, the way it’s being told, the feel of the pages and its illustrations, all can make really big difference.

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In order to ensure that the children with special needs enjoy the positive and rewarding experience of reading books along with the adults and learn from the same, here are a few tips;

Select the books carefully:

Even thought there are several children’s books available in the market, always pay more care to the books that you select to read with your child or children with special needs. Not all books are appropriate for all children; you need to consider the type of the book, the illustrations, the story being told, the size of the book and even the font while selecting a book to read with your child with special needs.

Choose the books with stories having simple themes:

While searching for books for children with special needs, ensure that the books have simple themes with predictable or repetitive texts having stories on families and/or friends, relationships, social or self-help skills, or books that feature counting, the alphabet or even animals, for that matter.

Be aware of the attention span of the child:

Depending upon the ages of children, their attention spans can definitely vary. And, this can get even more difficult with children having special needs. In such situations, try to break down the sentences into smaller parts with more explanations to keep the attention of the children.

Make use of props to help the child focus:

One of the best ideas to help the children with special needs to engage in the story is to use props. If you are reading a story of a bunny, give the child a toy of a bunny to help the child better concentrate. Having something tactile, to hold onto, makes the child more confident and attentive.

Use objects glued onto the pages:

Another easy way to attract the attention of the child is to use various objects glued onto the page as ‘page-turners’. Gluing Popsicle sticks or soft Pompoms onto the pages at different levels can attract the attention of the child and help them grab and turn the pages easily. It will also help the child pay attention to wait to turn the page again next time. This can prove to be a great advantage for children to improve their fine-motor skills.

Choose stories having repetition or rhymes:

It is always conducive for children having language and speech delays to select books having stories that have a lot of rhymes or repetitions. Search for books that have images of animals and actions that talk; cats saying ‘meow, meow’ or the sound of the water as ‘splish, splash’. This can help the children make the sound as reading to help them grasp more words and understand the same.

Read with varying the pitch and tone of your reading:

Whenever you are reading stories to children, varying the tone and pitch of your reading makes it interesting for them—especially those who have hearing impairments. If you can make gestures and body movements as you read on, it can help the children pay attention to you and whatever is being read to them.

Ask questions to help the child concentrate:

Asking questions to the children while reading books out to them can make them more alert and attentive. Ask simple questions that they can answer and reward and appreciate them when the questions are answered. If they find it difficult to answer, help the find the answers and recite the answers with them. This can help the children be more attentive and create sense of success when they answer the questions.

Paying attention to these factors while reading with your child with special needs can make reading an enjoyable and worthwhile experience to your child, all the while helping them develop several of their speech and linguistic skills.

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Our Team

Dr. George Joseph P

Dr. George Joseph P

Consultant Pediatrician
Mr. Boney Kannoth

Mr. Boney Kannoth

Associate Visiting Counsellor
Ms. Mayuri Chaudhari

Ms. Mayuri Chaudhari

Physiotherapist
Ms. Minna Mathew

Ms. Minna Mathew

Clinical Psychologist
Ms. Meghana

Ms. Meghana

Rehabilitation Psychologist.
Ms. Jobitha.K.J

Ms. Jobitha.K.J

Occupational Therapist
Ms. Jeena Mary

Ms. Jeena Mary

Occupational Therapist
Ms. Varsha Renjan C

Ms. Varsha Renjan C

Occupational Therapist

What People Say

Prayatna clinic is class apart in terms of the child oriented therapies accorded over here. Each therapist takes personal care of the needs of the children and offer palliative cure that starts showing results within few days. I have not come across such clinics across India. The infrastructural support and resource base particularly the brain gym etc. are world class. Children also enjoy learning therapies over here due to the motivating atmosphere. Rehabilitation process is faster. Prayatna is really doing a stellar job.

Vineesh S

I have never had such a pleasant therapeutic experience as I have enjoyed in Praytana clinic. The ambience does not have that medical feeling to it. Therapists are always willing to walk the extra mile to make the process easier. The simple manner in which the therapies are offered is really hard to believe without experiencing at a personal level. They also prescribe therapies to be practised at home so that idleness does not interfere with the effect. Keep up the good job.

Mahesh

It was not long since I started seeing a positive change sweeping the life of my only child who required sensory integration therapy. At first, I was hesitating to go to Praytana and thought it to be like any other clinic with lofty claims but with no substance. But, a rude but pleasant shock awaited me as I could see the therapies work wonder for my child. He was no longer the same old kid seeking vents to express his pent-up emotions. Hats off to Prayatna.

Arunima Software Engineer

My son has been suffering from autistic syndrome and was not able to interact intuitively with his peers. The rehabilitative care offered at Prayatna was life-changing experience for me. Changes in the behavioural patterns of my son started becoming evident. His actions are now more agile and he no longer starts feeling uneasy in the company of others. Prayatna has pulled off the trick for my son. I would candidly recommend the clinic to all parents who want their children to take control of their lives.

Stephan Georage Sales Executive

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