Most people would have come across the term ‘speech therapy’ without fully realizing the full meaning of the term. It is common notion that any repair to a person’s speech facility is indeed speech therapy. Far from it. Effectively, speech therapy is the correcting of the faulty speech faculty and can at times involve more than just the speech lab. Any lack of ability in speech is usually tackled first in a speech lab with speech therapy.
Articulation and voice
For most people the speech facility can be divided into two. Articulation and voice. Taking voice first, it is the sound produced at the time of speaking. There are many instances when insufficient voice or sound emanates from the voice box. This could in most instances be due to the improper formation of the voice box or due to certain illness that would have damaged the voice box. There are also certain conditions that are not repairable and hence the person has to be trained to bring out the most voice with the use of the same debilitated facility.
Articulation on the other hand is the amount of dexterity that a person’s sound has. It points to the flexibility that people have in using the sound facility. It is also a measure of the persons IQ that they should be able to bring out the most twisted of vocals with ease. It is often the lack of articulation that people thing needs speech therapy. But most cases of insufficient articulation is in fact a reflection of a lower ability overall.
Language of therapy
It is the most common factor to take to speech therapy in the mother tongue. There are a lot of inherent advantages to this practice. Children are exposed to their mother tongue most from the time of birth and beyond. Most children are usually seen picking up syllables in the mother tongue than any other language. All this would point that the language of therapy is indeed the mother tongue most of the time.
There are in some very small situations when the language used in therapy is different to the mother tongue. This is to expose the child to use of language other than the mother tongue and helps in the fast and efficient use of words. There are indeed scenarios when the use of a foreign language along with the mother tongue can produce results better than the mother tongue alone.
The wide range of application of speech therapy
Often speech therapy involves training the voice box as well as the throats of people. People with difficulties in swallowing and moving of the throat muscle have benefitted immensely with speech therapy. In this case, the further use and development of the neck and throat muscles are attained in speech therapy.
As can be seen usually in any modern stream of therapy, the uses of props are relied on most occasions to bring to the fore the best possible treatment plan. The very specialized nature of treatments systems that speech therapy is brings only the most prepared of people into the profession. The use of further specializations in the field has meant that speech therapy is no longer the esoteric treatment system that people most often encountered in movies alone.